Administrative Note

July 23rd, 2014 8:31 am

Blogging will be light until July 30th and will mostly consist of stuff that I can cut and paste.

See you in a week.


Re Existing Home Sales

July 22nd, 2014 10:23 am

Via TDSecurities:

Existing home sales continued to rebound in June, rising 2.6% to 5.04M – the strongest pace of sales in 9 months. Gains in the existing home sales data came in both the single family and more volatile multi-family sectors, rising 2.5% and 3.4%, respectively. Stronger sales helped keep months’ supply unchanged at 5.5 months, suggesting that improving sales continue to counteract any notable increase in inventory. The measure of the number of days homes spend on the market also decreased to 44 from 47 in the prior month, consistent with an ongoing pickup in housing sector activity. While the gradual improvement in existing home sales remains quite encouraging, we find it worth noting that sales remain 6.3% below their July 2013 peak, suggesting that the housing market still has some ways to go in order to retrace recent weakness.

The details of the report nevertheless continue to show strengthening fundamentals, with first time buyers representing 28% of purchases – an improvement from 27% last month. Investor and all-cash interest also remained quite strong, unchanged at 16% and 32%, respectively. The number of homes sold through distressed sales also remained flat at 11%, with 8% of homes sold through foreclosure sales and 3% sold as short sales. The lower number of distressed sales in recent months continued to place upward pressure on median prices, with June median home prices rising sharply to $223K from $212K in the prior month. This is the highest median home price reading since 2007, with home prices currently just $7K below their all-time high in 2006.

Corporate Bonds

July 22nd, 2014 10:16 am

Corporate bond spreads have recouped the widening which occurred yesterday on geopolitical fears spawned in Ukraine and Gaza. Yesterday they were wider by one basis points to two basis points.

Citibank is selling a benchmark sized 5 year note. Initial Price Talk (IPT for aficionados) is +95. One market participant anticipates that it will price mid to high 80s.

Economic Data Headlines

July 22nd, 2014 10:12 am

Via CRT Capital:

– new orders steady 5,
– employees gains to 13 vs. 4
– work week dips to 3 vs 5
– wages gain to 16 vs 12
– both prices paid and received gain
– 8-month high
– single family gains 2.5% vs. 6.1%, condos/coops up 3.4% vs. 0%
– distressed unchanged at 11%, all cash flat at 32%, investors steady at 16%
** two relative firmer reports, though nothing overly remarkable and to our eyes second tier vs. CPI.  The market seems to concur with prices across the board unchanged. Trading volumes are good at 149%, but balanced as evidenced by price action.

JPM Duration Survey

July 22nd, 2014 7:48 am

This time it is via Bloomberg so it should be OK. Once again I apologize for a significant error earlier.

Via Bloomberg:

By Robert Elson
July 22 (Bloomberg) — The JPMorgan Treasury Client Survey
for the week ended July 21 vs week ended July 14.
* Longs 15 vs 11
* Neutrals 45 vs 49
* Shorts unchanged at 40
* Net longs -25 vs -29
* “The all clients survey shows the most outright longs
since June 16, 2014’’
* Active client survey:
* Longs at 8, unchanged
* Neutrals 38, unchanged
* Shorts 54, unchanged
* Net longs unchanged at -46
* “The active clients survey remains unchanged from the
previous week’’


What to Watch For Today

July 22nd, 2014 7:19 am

Via the good folks at Bloomberg:

* (All times New York)
Economic Data
* 8:30am: CPI m/m, June, est. 0.3% (prior 0.4%)
* CPI Ex Food and Energy m/m, June, est. 0.2% (prior 0.3%)
* CPI y/y, June, est. 2.1% (prior 2.1%)
* CPI Ex Food and Energy y/y, June, est. 2% (prior 2%)
* CPI Core Index SA, June, est. 238.227 (prior 237.776)
* CPI Index NSA, June, est. 238.535 (prior 237.9)
* 9:00am: FHFA House Price Index m/m, May, est. 0.2% (prior
* 10:00am: Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index, July, est. 5
(prior 3)
* 10:00am: Existing Home Sales, June, est. 4.99m (prior 4.89m)
** Existing Home Sales m/m, June, est. 2% (prior 4.9%)
* 5:30am: U.K. to sell GBP3.25b 2.75% 2024 bonds
* 11:30am: U.S. to sell $25b 1Y bills, $35b 4W bills

Mea Maxima Culpa

July 22nd, 2014 7:14 am

I sent the wrong JPM survey. I have taken it down from the blog and deeply apologize for the error. That is the most egregious mistake of round two of my blogging career.

Can Putin Survive?

July 22nd, 2014 6:33 am

This is a long piece from Stratfor on the machinations which might be happening behind the scenes in the Kremlin following the downing of the Malaysian plane. The author suggests that the diplomatic disaster which has ensued might unravel the basis for Putin’s power and might lead to a palace coup. Long but interesting.

With Stratfor’s permission:

By George Friedman

There is a general view that Vladimir Putin governs the Russian Federation as a dictator, that he has defeated and intimidated his opponents and that he has marshaled a powerful threat to surrounding countries. This is a reasonable view, but perhaps it should be re-evaluated in the context of recent events.

Ukraine and the Bid to Reverse Russia’s Decline

Ukraine is, of course, the place to start. The country is vital to Russia as a buffer against the West and as a route for delivering energy to Europe, which is the foundation of the Russian economy. On Jan. 1, Ukraine’s president was Viktor Yanukovich, generally regarded as favorably inclined to Russia. Given the complexity of Ukrainian society and politics, it would be unreasonable to say Ukraine under him was merely a Russian puppet. But it is fair to say that under Yanukovich and his supporters, fundamental Russian interests in Ukraine were secure.

This was extremely important to Putin. Part of the reason Putin had replaced Boris Yeltsin in 2000 was Yeltsin’s performance during the Kosovo war. Russia was allied with the Serbs and had not wanted NATO to launch a war against Serbia. Russian wishes were disregarded. The Russian views simply didn’t matter to the West. Still, when the air war failed to force Belgrade’s capitulation, the Russians negotiated a settlement that allowed U.S. and other NATO troops to enter and administer Kosovo. As part of that settlement, Russian troops were promised a significant part in peacekeeping in Kosovo. But the Russians were never allowed to take up that role, and Yeltsin proved unable to respond to the insult.

Putin also replaced Yeltsin because of the disastrous state of the Russian economy. Though Russia had always been poor, there was a pervasive sense that it been a force to be reckoned with in international affairs. Under Yeltsin, however, Russia had become even poorer and was now held in contempt in international affairs. Putin had to deal with both issues. He took a long time before moving to recreate Russian power, though he said early on that the fall of the Soviet Union had been the greatest geopolitical disaster of the 20th century. This did not mean he wanted to resurrect the Soviet Union in its failed form, but rather that he wanted Russian power to be taken seriously again, and he wanted to protect and enhance Russian national interests.

The breaking point came in Ukraine during the Orange Revolution of 2004. Yanukovich was elected president that year under dubious circumstances, but demonstrators forced him to submit to a second election. He lost, and a pro-Western government took office. At that time, Putin accused the CIA and other Western intelligence agencies of having organized the demonstrations. Fairly publicly, this was the point when Putin became convinced that the West intended to destroy the Russian Federation, sending it the way of the Soviet Union. For him, Ukraine’s importance to Russia was self-evident. He therefore believed that the CIA organized the demonstration to put Russia in a dangerous position, and that the only reason for this was the overarching desire to cripple or destroy Russia. Following the Kosovo affair, Putin publicly moved from suspicion to hostility to the West.

The Russians worked from 2004 to 2010 to undo the Orange Revolution. They worked to rebuild the Russian military, focus their intelligence apparatus and use whatever economic influence they had to reshape their relationship with Ukraine. If they couldn’t control Ukraine, they did not want it to be controlled by the United States and Europe. This was, of course, not their only international interest, but it was the pivotal one.

Russia’s invasion of Georgia had more to do with Ukraine than it had to do with the Caucasus. At the time, the United States was still bogged down in Iraq and Afghanistan. While Washington had no formal obligation to Georgia, there were close ties and implicit guarantees. The invasion of Georgia was designed to do two things. The first was to show the region that the Russian military, which had been in shambles in 2000, was able to act decisively in 2008. The second was to demonstrate to the region, and particularly to Kiev, that American guarantees, explicit or implicit, had no value. In 2010, Yanukovich was elected president of Ukraine, reversing the Orange Revolution and limiting Western influence in the country.

Recognizing the rift that was developing with Russia and the general trend against the United States in the region, the Obama administration tried to recreate older models of relationships when Hillary Clinton presented Putin with a “restart” button in 2009. But Washington wanted to restore the relationship in place during what Putin regarded as the “bad old days.” He naturally had no interest in such a restart. Instead, he saw the United States as having adopted a defensive posture, and he intended to exploit his advantage.

One place he did so was in Europe, using EU dependence on Russian energy to grow closer to the Continent, particularly Germany. But his high point came during the Syrian affair, when the Obama administration threatened airstrikes after Damascus used chemical weapons only to back off from its threat. The Russians aggressively opposed Obama’s move, proposing a process of negotiations instead. The Russians emerged from the crisis appearing decisive and capable, the United States indecisive and feckless. Russian power accordingly appeared on the rise, and in spite of a weakening economy, this boosted Putin’s standing.

The Tide Turns Against Putin

Events in Ukraine this year, by contrast, have proved devastating to Putin. In January, Russia dominated Ukraine. By February, Yanukovich had fled the country and a pro-Western government had taken power. The general uprising against Kiev that Putin had been expecting in eastern Ukraine after Yanukovich’s ouster never happened. Meanwhile, the Kiev government, with Western advisers, implanted itself more firmly. By July, the Russians controlled only small parts of Ukraine. These included Crimea, where the Russians had always held overwhelming military force by virtue of treaty, and a triangle of territory from Donetsk to Luhansk to Severodonetsk, where a small number of insurgents apparently supported by Russian special operations forces controlled a dozen or so towns.

If no Ukrainian uprising occurred, Putin’s strategy was to allow the government in Kiev to unravel of its own accord and to split the United States from Europe by exploiting Russia’s strong trade and energy ties with the Continent. And this is where the crash of the Malaysia Airlines jet is crucial. If it turns out — as appears to be the case — that Russia supplied air defense systems to the separatists and sent crews to man them (since operating those systems requires extensive training), Russia could be held responsible for shooting down the plane. And this means Moscow’s ability to divide the Europeans from the Americans would decline. Putin then moves from being an effective, sophisticated ruler who ruthlessly uses power to being a dangerous incompetent supporting a hopeless insurrection with wholly inappropriate weapons. And the West, no matter how opposed some countries might be to a split with Putin, must come to grips with how effective and rational he really is.

Meanwhile, Putin must consider the fate of his predecessors. Nikita Khrushchev returned from vacation in October 1964 to find himself replaced by his protege, Leonid Brezhnev, and facing charges of, among other things, “harebrained scheming.” Khrushchev had recently been humiliated in the Cuban missile crisis. This plus his failure to move the economy forward after about a decade in power saw his closest colleagues “retire” him. A massive setback in foreign affairs and economic failures had resulted in an apparently unassailable figure being deposed.

Russia’s economic situation is nowhere near as catastrophic as it was under Khrushchev or Yeltsin, but it has deteriorated substantially recently, and perhaps more important, has failed to meet expectations. After recovering from the 2008 crisis, Russia has seen several years of declining gross domestic product growth rates, and its central bank is forecasting zero growth this year. Given current pressures, we would guess the Russian economy will slide into recession sometime in 2014. The debt levels of regional governments have doubled in the past four years, and several regions are close to bankruptcy. Moreover, some metals and mining firms are facing bankruptcy. The Ukrainian crisis has made things worse. Capital flight from Russia in the first six months stood at $76 billion, compared to $63 billion for all of 2013. Foreign direct investment fell 50 percent in the first half of 2014 compared to the same period in 2013. And all this happened in spite of oil prices remaining higher than $100 per barrel.

Putin’s popularity at home soared after the successful Sochi Winter Olympics and after the Western media made him look like the aggressor in Crimea. He has, after all, built his reputation on being tough and aggressive. But as the reality of the situation in Ukraine becomes more obvious, the great victory will be seen as covering a retreat coming at a time of serious economic problems. For many leaders, the events in Ukraine would not represent such an immense challenge. But Putin has built his image on a tough foreign policy, and the economy meant his ratings were not very high before Ukraine.

Imagining Russia After Putin

In the sort of regime that Putin has helped craft, the democratic process may not be the key to understanding what will happen next. Putin has restored Soviet elements to the structure of the government, even using the term “Politburo” for his inner Cabinets. These are all men of his choosing, of course, and so one might assume they would be loyal to him. But in the Soviet-style Politburo, close colleagues were frequently the most feared.

The Politburo model is designed for a leader to build coalitions among factions. Putin has been very good at doing that, but then he has been very successful at all the things he has done until now. His ability to hold things together declines as trust in his abilities declines and various factions concerned about the consequences of remaining closely tied to a failing leader start to maneuver. Like Khrushchev, who was failing in economic and foreign policy, Putin could have his colleagues remove him.

It is difficult to know how a succession crisis would play out, given that the constitutional process of succession exists alongside the informal government Putin has created. From a democratic standpoint, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu and Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin are as popular as Putin is, and I suspect they both will become more popular in time. In a Soviet-style struggle, Chief of Staff Sergei Ivanov and Security Council Chief Nicolai Patryushev would be possible contenders. But there are others. Who, after all, expected the emergence of Mikhail Gorbachev?

Ultimately, politicians who miscalculate and mismanage tend not to survive. Putin miscalculated in Ukraine, failing to anticipate the fall of an ally, failing to respond effectively and then stumbling badly in trying to recoup. His management of the economy has not been exemplary of late either, to say the least. He has colleagues who believe they could do a better job, and now there are important people in Europe who would be glad to see him go. He must reverse this tide rapidly, or he may be replaced.

Putin is far from finished. But he has governed for 14 years counting the time Dmitri Medvedev was officially in charge, and that is a long time. He may well regain his footing, but as things stand at the moment, I would expect quiet thoughts to be stirring in his colleagues’ minds. Putin himself must be re-examining his options daily. Retreating in the face of the West and accepting the status quo in Ukraine would be difficult, given that the Kosovo issue that helped propel him to power and given what he has said about Ukraine over the years. But the current situation cannot sustain itself. The wild card in this situation is that if Putin finds himself in serious political trouble, he might become more rather than less aggressive. Whether Putin is in real trouble is not something I can be certain of, but too many things have gone wrong for him lately for me not to consider the possibility. And as in any political crisis, more and more extreme options are contemplated if the situation deteriorates.

Those who think that Putin is both the most repressive and aggressive Russian leader imaginable should bear in mind that this is far from the case. Lenin, for example, was fearsome. But Stalin was much worse. There may similarly come a time when the world looks at the Putin era as a time of liberality. For if the struggle by Putin to survive, and by his challengers to displace him, becomes more intense, the willingness of all to become more brutal might well increase.

July 22 2014 Opening

July 22nd, 2014 6:23 am

Prices of Treasury coupon securities retreated in overnight trading. The world is still quite fragile with serious problems persisting in Ukraine and Gaza but for the moment there is a modicum of stability in the air and that stability sucked some of the air from risk averse assets. In contrast major equity markets have performed very well overnight with the FTSE and Dax and major Asian markets climbing close to one percent. In the FX market fear is receding as the ruble has rallied from about 35.2 to 34.87.

There was a dearth of data last night especially top tier data. In China the leading index indicator moved higher and in Japan a measure of business activity printed as expected. The Australian Reserve Bank Governor Stevens spoke and said he was content with monetary policy at the moment.

Against that background the yield on the benchmark 5 year note has climbed to 1.693 from 1.68 at midnight. The yield on the 10 year note edged up to 2.492 from 2.473 and the yield on the Long Bond rests at 3.276 after trading at 3.262 at midnight. The movements on the yield curve are mixed. The 5s 10s spread is steeper at 79.7 versus 79.3. The 5s 30s spread widened a tad and trades at 158.3 versus 158.2 at Wilson Pickett’s hour. The 10s 30s spread narrowed to 78.4 from 78.9 and that is a cycle low for that spread. The market continues to treat the 5 year note with disrespect as 2s 5s steepened to 119.3 from 118 and that puts 2s 5s 10s back at 39.6. That puts the butterfly just below resistance at 40.

The focus in the market is the US CPI data and I think most anticipate a higher headline number but a contained core data reflecting the rise in energy prices last month. Any upside surprise will induce some volatility as it will result in investors questioning the validity of Ms Yellen’s statement that the recent uptick in inflation is “noise”.

Recap of Cresit Trading Yesterday

July 22nd, 2014 6:04 am

Via the good folks at Bloomberg:

IG CREDIT: 2015 Maturities Led Trading; NEDWBK Set to Price
2014-07-22 09:48:28.545 GMT

By Robert Elson
July 22 (Bloomberg) — The final Trace count for secondary
trading was $10.5b vs $9.7b Friday and $9.3b the previous
Monday. 144a trading added another $1.4b of IG volume.
* 10-DMA at $11.2b; 10-DMA of only Monday sessions is $11.6b
* 3 of the top 5 most active issues were 2015 maturities from
* AMXLMM 6.375% 2035 was in the 2nd position; two-way client
flows accounted for 55% of volume
* AAPL 3.45% 2024 and 2.40% 2023 were 5 and 6 on the list
* PENSKE 3.125% 2015 topped the 144a most active list; client
flows accounted for 92% of volume
* BofAML IG Master Index at +109, unchanged; +106, its low for
2014 and the tightest spread since July 2007 was seen June
24; year wide +132
* Standard & Poor’s Global Fixed Income Research IG Index, at
+142, unchanged from revised Friday stat; +141, 2014’s low
and the post-crisis low was seen repeatedly earlier in the
month; +164, the wide for 2014 was seen 4x in Feb
* Markit CDX.IG.22 5Y Index closed at 59.5 vs 58.4; 55 was
seen July 3, a new 52-week low and the lowest level since
Oct 2007, vs 57; 52-week high of 97.6 was seen June 24
* IG issuance totaled $5.05b Monday, bringing July’s total to
* Merrill Lynch topped Monday’s IG manager’s list
* IG issuance YTD $849b
* NEDWBK set to price today